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The International English Language Testing System or IELTS is an international standardized test of English language to check the proficiency for people of non English language speaking countries. It is jointly managed by the British Council, IDP: IELTS Australia and Cambridge English Language Assessment and was established in 1989. It is one of the major English-language tests in the world, like TOEFL and PTE. IELTS is recognized by almost all Australian, Canadian, New Zealand and British institutions,
There are two types of the IELTS test:
- IELTS Academic
- IELTS General Training
Listening and Speaking are the same for both tests, but the subject matter of the Reading and Writing components differs depending on which test you take.
The Listening, Reading and Writing components are completed on the same day, with no breaks in between them.
The Speaking component is completed up to a week before or after the main test.
The total test time is 2 hours and 45 minutes.
IELTS exam structure is basically divided in to 4 major aspects of English language
Duration : – 60 minutes
This Section consists of 40 questions to test a wide range of reading skills. These include reading for gist, reading for main ideas, reading for detail, skimming, understanding logical argument and recognizing writers’ opinions, attitudes and purpose.
IELTS Academic test – In Academic test the reading materials are taken from books, journals, magazines and newspapers. They have been selected for a non-specialist audience but are appropriate for people entering university courses or seeking professional registration.
IELTS General Training test – this includes extracts from books, magazines, newspapers, notices, advertisements, company handbooks and guidelines. These are materials you are likely to encounter on a daily basis in an English-speaking environment.
Duration 60 minutes
IELTS Academic test
Topics are of general interest suitable for test takers entering undergraduate and postgraduate studies or seeking professional registration. You have to perform two tasks to complete this section.
- 1. You will be presented with a graph, table, chart or diagram and asked to describe, summarize or explain the information. You may be asked to describe and explain data, describe the stages of a process, how something works or describe an object or event in your own language.
- 2. You will be asked to write an essay in response to an argument or problem. Responses to both tasks must be in a formal style.
IELTS General Training
Topics are of general interest. There are two tasks:
- you will be presented with a situation where you are asked to write a letter requesting information, or explaining the situation. The letter may be personal, semi-formal or formal in style.
- 3. you will be asked to write an essay in response to a point of view, argument or problem. The essay can be fairly personal in style.
You will listen to four recordings of native English speakers and then write your answers to a series of questions.
- Recording 1 – a conversation between two people set in an everyday social context.
- Recording 2 – a monologue set in an everyday social context, e.g. a speech about local facilities.
- Recording 3 – a conversation between up to four people set in an educational or training context, e.g. a university tutor and a student discussing an assignment.
- Recording 4 – a monologue on an academic subject, e.g. a university lecture.
The speaking component assesses your use of spoken English. Every test is recorded.
- Part 1 –The examiner can ask for general topics like your hobbies and about family . This part lasts between four and five minutes.
- Part 2 -A topic will be provided and you will have one minute to prepare before speaking for up to two minutes. The examiner will then ask one or two questions on the same topic.
- Part 3 –More questions will be asked from the topic given in which you can share more ideas or points about the same This part of the test lasts between four and five minutes.